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Nebulizer Treatments

A nebulizer is a device that changes a medication from a liquid to a mist so that it can be inhaled. Most commonly in medicine, a nebulizer treatment is used so that a mist can be inhale into the lungs in order to treat conditions such as asthma, cystic fibrosis, COPD, or other respiratory diseases and conditions. IT is commonly also referred to as a “breathing treatment.”


The actual type of medication administered may vary according to the condition and what the practitioner prescribes. It may be mixed with a saline solution in order to produce the “mist” and may or may not be supplemented with oxygen. Typically, with a nebulizer, the mist is created by compressed air that is pushed through the tubing and past a medicine container to a mouthpiece or mask.


IF you are given a nebulizer treatment in the clinic, you will be provided instructions on how to use the mouthpiece or mask. You generally need to do nothing more than to relax and breathe normally.


A typical treatment may last 10-20 minutes. It is not uncommon to have multiple treatments if your condition is particularly severe or acute.



How to use a Nebulizer Unit


If you are provided with a nebulizer unit for home use, your practitioner will tell you when and how often to use the nebulizer.


While they will likely provide you with instructions, general instructions for use are below:

  1. Put the compressor on a flat surface where it can safely reach an outlet.

  2. Check to make sure all the pieces are clean.

  3. Wash your hands before prepping the medication.

  4. If your medication is premixed, place it in the container. If you need to mix it, measure the correct amount, and then place it in the container.

  5. Connect the tube to the compressor and the liquid container.

  6. Attach the mouthpiece or mask.

  7. Turn on the switch and check to see that the nebulizer is misting.

  8. Put the mouthpiece in your mouth and close your mouth around it or put the mask securely over your nose and mouth, leaving no gaps.

  9. Slowly breath in and out until the medicine is gone. This may take five to 15 minutes.

  10. Keep the liquid container upright throughout the treatment.

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