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A sexually transmitted infection (disease) refers to a condition passed from one person to another through sexual contact, typically through unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex. STIs have a variety of causes; bacterial, viral and even parasites. Many can be easily treated, however some, if left untreated, can cause serious health concerns and even be fatal.


The most common STIs are:

  • Chlyamydia

  • HPV (human papillomavirus)

  • Syphilis

  • HIV

  • Gonorrhea

  • Pubic lice (crabs)

  • Trichomoniasis

  • Herpes

  • Less common include:

  • Chancroid

  • Molluscum contagiosum

  • Scabies


Common Symptoms:

  • pain or discomfort with urination

  • sores, bumps or rashes in or around the genitals, anus, buttocks, thighs, or mouth

  • unusual discharge from the penis/vagina

  • bleeding from the vagina (women) – bleeding from the penis (men)

  • painful or swollen testicles (men)

  • itchiness in or around the vagina

  • pain in the abdomen

  • fever



Diagnosis and Treatment of STIs


Diagnosis of a STI depends mainly on the symptoms that the patient is having and the type of STI that is causing the problem. Likewise, treatment will be directed depending on the type of infection or virus causing the problem. If you suspect that you have an STI and/or you have been sexually active, it is highly advisable to seek medical care and further testing.


A medical provider can diagnose ‘most’ STIs by urine or blood tests and occasionally “swabbing” either your genitals or any sores that have developed. If you suspect an STI, it is always advisable to refrain from further sexual contact until you have been seen by a medical profession, evaluated, tested and/or treated.

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