Rash

A rash refers to inflammation and/or discoloration of the skin. There are many different types of rashes, which can include eczema, granuloma annulare, lichen planus, and pityriasis rosea. Each rash is unique and required different methods of treatment.

Dermatitis

A type of rash that is red, itchy and usually caused by direct contact with a substance or an allergic reaction to it. The rash isn’t contagious or life-threatening but can be very uncomfortable. The skin may be red with or without blisters, fissures, hives, peeling or ulcers. Itching and swelling is very common. Typically, it resolves quickly if treated with cold compresses but occasionally may require prescription medication.

Eczema

Eczema is a condition in which the skin is inflamed, scaly, red, and itchy. It is a common condition, which can occur in both adults and children. Eczema is not contagious. While the exact cause of eczema is not known, individuals who suffer from allergies are often affected. Sometimes, eczema can be triggered by stress, skin irritants, skin care products, and different allergens. Eczema can be treated with over-the-counter creams and ointments made with hydrocortisone, and certain medications.

Granuloma Annulare

Granuloma annulare is a chronic skin condition that manifests as a circular rash with red bumps/ This condition most commonly affects children and young adults and is more common is girls. It often appears in people who are otherwise healthy, and forms on the backs of the forearms, hands, or feet. The cause of granuloma annulare is unknown. Oftentimes, treatment is not needed, except for cosmetic reasons. Steroid creams or ointments, liquid nitrogen, or steroid injections can all help to lessen the appearance.

Lichen Planus

Lichen Planus is a skin condition that causes shiny bumps that are often red or purple in color. This condition can occur anywhere on the skin but is commonly found on the insides of the wrists and ankles, the lower legs, the neck, and the back. Lichen planus often occurs in adults ages 30-70 years old. While the cause of this condition is not known, it is linked to hepatitis C. While it cannot be completely cured, certain medications such as antihistamines, steroid injections, prednisone, and other drugs can help to relieve symptoms.

Pityriasis Rosea

 

Pityriasis rosea is a mild rash. It usually shows up as a large, scaly, pink area of skin on the back or chest. The patch is then followed by more pink patches of skin. These areas often itch and are inflamed. The number and size of these patches can vary. The cause of this condition is not known, though it may be linked to a virus. In some mild cases, treatment may not be necessary. However, antihistamines can help to lessen itching. In most cases, it goes away on its own within 6-12 weeks.

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